Caption-ez vous
PHSC postal history study groups PHSC post office data base PHSC postmarks of Canada broken circles, machine cancels, duplex, numeral PHSC Journal PHSC research PHSC membership registration PHSC how to use the site instructions
Username: Password:
Members Login
ALSM Website   ¬  PHSC Books   ¬  Rates   ¬  Exhibits   ¬  Articles   ¬  References   ¬ 


Globe Booklet

¬ Article
¬ Parts 1, 2, 3, 4

Pacific Shipping Tables

¬ Article
¬ Parts 1, 2, 3, 4

PB Handstamps

¬ Monograph

Soldiers' Letters

¬ Monograph

Steinhart CSN Articles

¬ Articles

Sailing Tables for the Pacific

Here, we present sailing tables for the voyages of steamships that carried mail between Canada and the Orient and Canada and Australasia. The tables on these pages extend only to 1914. Longer tables will be in the book Canada's Pacific Maritime Mails, to be published by the PHSC.

Canadian-Pacific Line

From 1887 to 1941, the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) provided steamship service between Vancouver and Victoria, British Columbia, Canada and Hong Kong with calls at Japan and China, and later at Manila, Philippine Islands and Honolulu, Hawaii. For the first few years, chartered steamships were used. In 1891, the route was taken over by three specially designed Empress liners. At this time, a contract between the CPR and the British government took effect, subsidizing mail service between Britain and Hong Kong via Canada. These three CPR Empresses and their subsequent offspring carried mail, passengers, and freight speedily across the Pacific for over half a century.

Empress of Japan

The CPR liner Empress of Japan (I) departing from Vancouver Harbour.

CPR cover to Japan

Cover carried from Vancouver to Japan in the CPR Empress of India, departing from Vancouver on August 2, 1897. The cover bears a Yokohama backstamp dated August 16, 1897, the date that the Empress arrived there. The cover was mailed on the C. R. Ry. Port Arthur & Winnipeg Mail Car on July 23 and is franked with a 2¢ and a 3¢ 1897 Jubilee commemorative stamp.

Canadian Australasian Line

The Canadian-Australian Steamship Company (the C-A Line, later called the Canadian Australasian Line Limited) operated between Sydney, Australia and the two British Columbia ports from 1893 to 1953. The CPR was affiliated with this company, and from 1931 was half owner of it. In the first 18 years of service, the route changed a few times. Finally, in the summer of 1911, Auckland, New Zealand was added as a permanent port of call. The route established then remained the same until service ceased in 1953, serving six ports: Sydney, Australia; Auckland, New Zealand; Suva, Fiji; Honolulu, Hawaii; and Victoria and Vancouver, British Columbia.


The C-A Line Aorangi (I) entering Vancouver harbour.

Dawson to Hobart

Cover mailed to Tasmania at Dawson, Yukon Territory on December 21, 1904. It was received in Vancouver on January 5, 1905 and departed the next day in the C-A Line steamship Aorangi (I). The 2¢ Empire rate was paid with a Numeral booklet-pane stamp; these booklets were commonly used in the Yukon.


Departure and arrival dates for the CPR and the C-A Line have been obtained from contemporary newspapers of Vancouver and Victoria, the Fiji Times, the Melbourne Age, and the London Times and other sources. We are anxious to obtain any missing dates; please send them with their source to the author, Gray Scrimgeour.


Here is a list of the CPR and C-A Line steamships. The ships are listed in the order of their entry into service with each company. The Years of Service column lists the dates when these ships operated across the Pacific from ports in the Pacific Northwest.

Canadian Pacific (CPR)

ShipYears of Service
Port Augusta1887, 1889
Port Victor1887
Port Adelaide1888
Duke of Westminster1888
Port Fairy1889
Straits of Belle Isle1890
Mong Kutt1890
Empress of India1891-1914
Empress of Japan (I)1891-1922
Empress of China1891-1914
Empress of Russia1913-1940
Empress of Asia1913-1941
Empress of Canada1922-1939
Empress of Australia1922-1926
Empress of France1928-1929
Empress of Japan (II)1930-1939

Canadian-Australasian Line (C-A Line)

Ship Years of Service
Miowera1893-1908, 1910
Aorangi (I)1897-1910
Marama1908-1914, 1920
Tahiti1920, 1927
Aorangi (II)1925-1941, 1948-1953
Monowai (II)1931, 1933, 1935, 1937

Canada's Pacific Maritime Mails

The histories and postal histories of the CPR and C-A Line steamship operations form the basis of a two-volume book entitled Canada's Pacific Maritime Mails. This monograph is scheduled for publication in 2007. Here is an outline of its contents. A number of appendices will be presented, including lists of the fleets of all companies serving the Pacific Northwest and sailing tables for both the CPR and C-A Line. Here is an outline planned for this work:

Canada's Pacific Maritime Mails
by Alec Unwin and Gray Scrimgeour

  • Volume 1
    • Chapter 1 Introduction
    • Chapter 2 Japan: the CPR Ships
    • Chapter 3 Japan: Other Shipping Lines
    • Chapter 4 Other Asian Countries
  • Volume 2
    • Chapter 5 Australia and the Australian States
    • Chapter 6 New Zealand
    • Chapter 7 Oceania
    • Chapter 8 Trans-Pacific Mail to and from the United States
    • Chapter 9 During and after World War II
    • Chapter 10 Ship-Related Markings

Shipping Tables

Canadian-Pacific Line - eastbound

Canadian-Pacific Line - westbound

Canadian Australasian Line - northbound

Canadian Australasian Line - southbound

References with Dates of Ship Movements Related to Canadian Mail

  • Trans-Pacific - Asia:
    • Halliburton, W.H., Roger, C., and Spaulding, R.M. Jr. Pacific Crossings from Japan. 1858-79. Silver Spring, Md., International Society for Japanese Philately, Inc., 1969.
    • Frajola, R.C., Perlman, M.O., and Scamp, L.C. The United States Post Offices in China and Japan 1867 to 1874. New York, The Collectors Club, 2006.
      Complete dates between San Francisco and the Orient from 1867 to 1875.
    • Proud, E.B. British Post Offices in the Far East. Heathfield, East Sussex, Proud-Bailey Co. Ltd., 1991.
      19th century dates between Hong Kong and both Vancouver and San Francisco.
    • Whiteley, D.H. Steam on the North Pacific: British Columbia to the Orient. 1887-1941. Winnipeg, DHW Publications, 1999.
      Many dates between the Orient and Vancouver to 1921.
  • Trans-Pacific - Australasia
    • White, J.S., editor. The Postal History of New South Wales: 1788-1901. Philatelic Society of New South Wales, 1988.
      19th century dates.
    • McNaught, K.J. The Complete List of Sailings of Trans-Pacific Contract Mail Steamers Carrying N.Z. Marine Post Offices Between 1923 and 1938, manuscript, 1964; reprinted, Postal History Society of New Zealand Inc., 2000.
  • Trans-Atlantic:
    • Hubbard, W. and Winter, R.F. North Atlantic Mail Sailings 1840-75, US Philatelic Classics Society. Complete list of sailings between North America and Europe from 1840 to 1875.
    • Arnell, J.C. Atlantic Mails. A History of the Mail Service between Great Britain and Canada to 1889, The National Postal Museum, Ottawa, 1980.
      Sailings from 1795 to 1890.
    • Duckworth, H.E. and Duckworth, H.W. The Large Queen Stamps of Canada and Their Use: 1868-1872. Toronto, Vincent G. Greene Philatelic Research Foundation, 1986.
      Sailings from 1868 to 1872.
  • From Great Britain to Asia and Australia:
    • Kirk, R. British Maritime Postal History, Volume 1, The P&O Bombay & Australian Lines - 1852-1914. Proud-Bailey Company and Studioprint, Dereham, Norfolk, undated.
    • Kirk, R. (a) British Maritime Postal History, Volume 2, The P&O Lines to the Far East. Heathfield, East Sussex , Proud-Bailey Company, Limited, undated.
  • The following book is a translation of a German government publication that lists all of the major mail-carrying international ship routes of 1899 (with transit times but without shipping dates):
    • Cockrill, P. Listing of Mail Carrying Steamship Lines 1899. Hampstead Norreys, Newbury, Cockrill Press, Booklet No. 59.
      Official listing by the Imperial German P.O. of shipping companies, 1899.
  • Copyright © Gray Scrimgeour 2006. All rights reserved.